Applied Knowledge

AIA Learning Unit Information

Register Now

Ten of the modules in the course are eligible for AIA LU/HSW a total of 11 AIA LU/HSW:

(Course Approval Expiration Date:  May 09, 2022)

Consequences of Attacks on Built Environments and Their Occupants  1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone01

This module is an overview of the types of attacks (and accidental explosions) which can be addressed through protective design, thoughtful site layout, and intelligent programming of building spaces.  How to use design to protect occupants.

Learning Objectives:

  • Be able to identify the primary attack modes which buildings and infrastructure can be designed to resist, thereby protecting the welfare of occupants.
  • Be able to identify the types of damage which each of the attack modes can inflict on buildings as a basis for understanding different types of protective design.
  • Understand the potential consequences of attacks on occupants when buildings are not designed to resist different types of attacks.
  • Understand what types of clients/building owners and occupants may want to consider protective design for their projects.

Communicating with the Design Team – The Specialized Language of Protective Design 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone02

This module presents terminology used in Protective Design so that architects and other design disciplines are able to understand the language that security professionals and protective design engineers speak.    Students will:

  • Be able to understand, on a high level, technical conversations relating to protective design.
  • Be able to communicate concepts regarding building components (building envelopes, egress routes, etc) to security professionals in language that all parties can understand.
  • Understand the importance of precision in terminology when talking about damage, failures, levels of protection, etc.
  • Understand the potential ambiguities in protective design terminology and when to ask add-on questions about the design requirements.

Relative Blast Strengths and Vulnerabilities of Typical Building Façade Types 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – Course Number Stone03

Prerequisites:  Basic building design and knowledge of different types of building façade systems

This module presents information regarding the relative strengths and vulnerabilities of standard façade systems when exposed to blast loads – and how this affects safety and security of the building occupants.   Ways to improve a system’s blast resistance without explicit blast design will also be discussed.

Students will:

  • Understand, at a high level, the relative strengths and vulnerabilities of standard façade systems.
  • Understand the glass hazard rating systems for a variety of government agencies and standards organizations.
  • Understand how the different glass types affect a window’s resistance to blast loads.
  • Understand the implications of mass and flexibility in a façade system’s inherent resistance to blast loads.

Security Design Criteria – For Protective Design 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone04

This module presents the concept of Security Design Criteria:  how one is developed, information that is likely included, and how the design team works toward implementation.  Several examples of design criteria (both government and private) and how they can affect the overall design will also be presented,

Students will:

  • Understand what a Security Design Criteria is, and is-not.
  • Understand what types of agencies and corporations already have these in place, and what types create custom Security Design criteria for either single buildings campuses, or building portfolios.
  • Understand what types of threats/attack types may be addressed and the level of protection to occupants which may be required.
  • Understand how these requirements may affect the look, feel, and functionality of buildings.
  • Understand the importance of design team buy-in and coordination in the success of a project.

Perimeter Protection and Site Design 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone05

This module presents information regarding different types of perimeter protection, from visual deterrents to the most stringently rated anti-ram barrier, how they affect the design of buildings, ways that site design can be used to reduce the potential lethality of vehicle ramming attacks, and how to source barriers most appropriate for a specific building/site design.

Students will:

  • Understand the different functions of perimeter barriers and how building type, occupancy, and location affect the selection of specific barriers.
  • Understand the different types of perimeter barriers and how they affect pedestrian and traffic flow on a site and into a building.
  • Understand some of the complexities in implementing a protective perimeter and the design challenges which can result.
  • Understand the different rating systems and what are the design implications of higher vs lower ratings.

Forced Entry and Ballistics Resistance – Standards, Codes, Testing, and Design Approaches 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone06

This module presents information regarding Forced Entry, Ballistics, Forced Entry and Ballistics Resistant design.  This is an area of protective design which has many (and sometimes contradictory) standards documents and owners and design teams need understand what impacts the standards may have on design and construction.   Various approaches to meet protection requirements from site layout to hardening of building elements will be discussed.

Students will:

  • Understand the difference between Forced Entry, Ballistics, Forced Entry and Ballistics Resistant requirements.
  • Be able to identify the different standards documents which may be included in project design requirements.
  • Understand the agencies and owners who may require this type of protection at their facilities.
  • Understand how these requirements may affect design and cost for different building elements.


Protective Design – Mitigation Measures and Retrofits for Existing Buildings 1.5 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone07

This module presents information regarding a wide range of mitigation measures (retrofits) which can increase the blast resistance – and therefore occupant protection – of existing buildings.

Students will:

  • Understand different philosophies regarding how to introduce blast hazard mitigation measures into existing buildings.
  • Be able to consider non-structural mitigation measures (programming changes, etc) which may be more cost-effective ways to protect building occupants.
  • Be able to identify examples of mitigation measures for different building elements (windows, doors, walls, columns, beams, etc).
  • Understand how these requirements may affect the look, feel, and functionality of existing buildings – and possible ways to minimize the impacts of mitigation measures.

Protective Design Implications for New Buildings 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone08

This module presents the design implications for blast resistant and resilient buildings intended to protect occupants from accidental or intentional explosions.    The presentation will discuss how form, material, and site layout decisions can either reduce or increase the amount of hardening required (and therefore cost); and the modifications which may be required for façade elements and for different types of structural systems.

Students will:

  • Be able to identify the overall goals of blast resistant design.
  • Understand how early design decisions can increase or decrease the amount of physical hardening required.
  • Learn how blast resistant design will change the requirements for glass façade elements.
  • Be able to identify possible challenges associated with blast resistant doors and how to reduce design impacts.
  • Understand how the structure of a blast resistant building may differ from typical buildings.

Protective Design – Standards, Guidelines, Best Practices Documents 1 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone09

This module presents the different types of documents which are used in protective design, what types of organizations require their usage, how and why the requirements differ between documents, and the implications of updates to the mandated standards.

Students will:

  • Be able to identify the different types of documents (mandated, best practices, and supporting documents) and when to use them.
  • Understand why the requirements of the documents can differ widely.
  • Understand when/if it is appropriate to utilize an existing (open source) standards document on a project for a different owner/agency.
  • Recognize challenges associated with updates to existing mandated documents and how to mitigate the challenges in design projects




Procurement Design and Construction – Challenges and Solutions in Implementing Protective Design 1.5 LU-HSW

Introductory – No Prerequisites – Course Number Stone10

Designing buildings to meet protective design criteria is a non-trivial task which does not always fit easily into the standard procurement, design, and construction process.  It has always been important for all team disciplines to understand how protective design could impact their projects.  However, it is now even more important that team disciplines understand the nuances of the process  because more and more non-sophisticated owners and organizations are incorporating protective design into their projects, and they are looking to the design professionals (regardless of discipline) to be able to help them maneuver through the process in an efficient and effective manner.  This module provides an overview of the procurement, design, and construction process – identifying areas which have experience has shown to be problematic, including approaches to overcome the challenges.

Students will:

  • Understand that, since architects are most often the project lead and are responsible for coordination of requirements between disciplines, that protective design considerations must be addressed at all project stages and between all disciplines.
  • Understand ways to facilitate the process of incorporating protective design into construction bid packages, drawings, specifications, etc.
  • Be able to provide guidance to clients with respect to procuring assessment and design services for protective design.
  • Understand the types of challenges imposed by information security, and ways to ensure the project meets the protective requirements and the information security requirements at the same time.

AIA CES Provider Statement

Stone Security Engineering, PC is a registered provider of AIA-approved continuing education under Provider Number [assigned AIA CES Provider number]. All registered AIA CES Providers must comply with the AIA Standards for Continuing Education Programs. Any questions or concerns about this provider or this learning program may be sent to AIA CES ( or (800) AIA 3837, Option 3).

This learning program is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product.

AIA continuing education credit has been reviewed and approved by AIA CES. Learners must complete the entire learning program to receive continuing education credit. AIA continuing education Learning Units earned upon completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.

Cancellation Policy

Tuition is non-refundable, but may be transferred to another student to attend the June 2019 course – Please inform Stone Security Engineering at the earliest possible time if this occurs.

AIA Provider #404109046